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Mercedes-Benz is a trade mark of premium-class passenger cars, trucks, buses, and other vehicles produced by a German Daimler AG automobile concern. It’s headquartered in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg.
Before the merging in 1926, Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz were two engineers who worked separately on automobile vehicle invention. They were rivals actually.
Having invented a three-wheel self-propelled carriage equipped with a gasoline engine in 1886, Benz officially started production of the first three-wheel autos in the world followed by four-wheel ones seven years later. By 1909, he designed and made a series of high-performance cars including the Blitzen Benz, the most prominent racing car of the time. It had a 200 hp 21594 cc engine. After the WWI, a number of new models was manufactured, most of which were successfully produced by mid-1920s.
Meanwhile, Daimler established the Daimler Motorengesellschaft in 1890. Together with Wilhelm Maybach, a chief engineer, they constructed the first Mercedes car in 1900. Interestingly, the car acquired such a name at the insistence of Emil Jellinek, Austro-Hungarian consul in Nice and chief representative of the Daimler Company in France, in honour of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mercy (Maria de las Mercedes). Before the WWI, the Daimler Motorengesellschaft turned out a line-up of cars powered by different engines that were designed for diverse client categories. As soon as Ferdinand Porsche became a chief engineer at the company, one of the most remarkable cars in history, Mercedes 24/100/140PS, was launched. It acquired wonderful chassis and a six-cylinder 100-140hp 6240 cc compressor engine under the bonnet.
After the Daimler Company and the Benz & Cie merged in 1926, they had the experience of the best car engineers from both companies at their disposal. Remaining in the position, Ferdinand Porsche completely updated a production program, using the Daimler models as a basis. Ever since, the cars under the Mercedes-Benz marque have been synonymous to impeccable quality and state-of-the-art engineering.
During the WWII, Mercedes-Benz continued to produce trucks and cars. They say that Adolf Hitler drove their cars with bulletproof windshields when he was in power. In 1945, the plant was turned into a heap of ruins. However, it didn’t hinder them from producing the W136 saloon of small capacity with only 38 hp. This car launching marked the beginning of the marque’s new history. The company has never been at a stop; it modernizes old models constantly parallel to manufacturing new ones. Due to the Mercedes-Benz W136 (“170”) and W187 (“220”), the company laid the solid foundation of becoming the key automobile manufacturer in Europe.
Currently, Mercedes-Benz makes passenger cars (estate cars, hatchbacks, sedans, coupes, off-road cars, crossovers, roadsters, and minivans), transporters, trucks, camper vans, and buses.
In 1980s, the mankind has already become concerned about the greenhouse effect danger, caused by severe air pollution. Mercedes-Benz didn’t stay on the sidelines either. The company was among the first to introduce the closed-loop three-way catalytic converter in 1985.
Besides, Mercedes-Benz works on the internal combustion improvement. Their aim is to create the engines with exhausted gas emission but still powerful. The BlueTEC is the cleanest diesel in the world at the moment. Mercedes-Benz has presented five BlueTEC models already.
The company also designed the Flexible Fuel Vehicle (FFV) that can be fuelled with either gasoline or E85 Ethanol (15% gasoline and 85% ethyl alcohol). Ethanol is a natural resource distilled from grain, thus – renewable. It’s proved to reduce gas emissions by 70%.
Mercedes-Benz B-Class F-CELL cars are battery electric vehicles that operate due to electricity converted from compressed hydrogen. This technology enables the vehicle to speed up to 190 mph emitting just water vapour.
When Gottlieb Daimler worked as a technical director at the Deutz gas engine factory (from 1872 till 1881), he already dreamed about his own business. He even made up a symbol for it – a three-pointed star that would stand for the spheres of his work – on land, in water, and in the air – and symbolize prosperity. Although both three- and four-pointed stars were officially registered company’s logos, a three-pointed one was used more often. From then onward, it adorns the forepart of all Mercedes-Benz cars autos.
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