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Scania AB is probably the most prominent Swedish designer of heavy-duty commercial vehicles. Nowadays the company runs operations throughout the world, employs approximately 42.000 people and has dealerships in more than 100 countries. Nevertheless, the brand’s popularity credits to quality and durability, inherent in each and every automobile.
Scania’s core values are focusing on customers’ needs rather than personal profitability. There is small wonder that the team has chosen ‘Customer first’ as its key slogan. In order to realize all major goals, the company makes a contribution to the low operating costs pursuant to all automotive business areas.
In addition, Scania shows a strong commitment to environmental issues. In this light, it aims to develop solution which would totally comply with modern sustainability standards. Of course, this truck maker is dedicated to providing customers with premium solutions which maintain high quality and durability features during the whole lifecycle.
Scania was founded in 1891 in a Swedish province of Skane. Bicycles were the first inventions produced by the company. The same year the Surahammars Bruk steel company established a subsidiary, called Vabis, with an intention to manufacture commercial trucks. In 1911 the two developers decided to merge into Scania-Vabis entity, following lingering fiscal issues at Vabis.
In 1913 the joint venture opened a subsidiary in Denmark with a factory in Copenhagen. It is a place where the first Phaeton four-seater passenger car and the first V8 engine truck were launched. During the WWI the maker was engaged in the manufacture of military-class units for the Swedish Army. In post-war period it totally reoriented at the design of trucks, neglecting buses. A considerable capital provided by Stockholms Enskilda Bank in 1921 has added to the company’s technology development.
During the WWII Scania-Vabis manufactured military vehicles as well as light tanks, called Stridsvagn m/41. In the 1950s the team introduced Regent truck to compete with Volvo and set about the expansion of its dealer network. This was an hour of triumph for the maker, since its domestic market share rose up to 50% in light and medium truck segment.
In the 1960s the brand expanded its facilities overseas. Brazil has become a key site for the production of heavy trucks and for the marketing of inter-urban buses (via Scania Vabis do Brasil S.A. operations).
To continue, the creation of European Economic Community facilitated Scania to penetrate into the European markets. Therefore, it built a new facility in Zwolle, Denmark, and acquired ownership of Be-Ge Karosserifabrik. The latter was an outstanding manufacturer of truck cabs, which were shipped to Scania-Vabis and Volvo vehicles. Furthermore, the team bought Svenska Karosseri Verkstaderna coachwork company and founded another subsidiary – Scania-Bussar.
In 1969 the company entered into a merger with Saab AB, establishing Saab-Scania AB. The joint venture existed till 1995. A few years later Volvo figured on buying the brand. However, the deal has not been finalized due to the ban vote from the European Union. In keeping with EU regulations, such acquirement could create an automaker with nearly 100% market stake in the Nordic markets.
In 2006, MAN AG, a German-based truck producer, was about to acquire Scania AB. Yet, it managed to buy only a 17% share of the company. Nowadays the lion’s share of Scania (70.94%) belongs to Volkswagen AG.
Alongside heavy-weight trucks (Class 8, more than 16 tons in weight), Scania specializes in the design of tourist coaches, urban & intercity buses, multi-purpose engines, marine equipment, and financial services.
The inventory of trucks consists of long-haulage, distribution, construction, and special-purpose units. All of them belong to one or several existing lines: P-series featuring a new P cab (three variations available: a spacious day cab, a short cab and a single-berth sleeper), R-series boasting two prestigious awards ‘International Truck of the Year’, G-series featuring G cab (five variations available: a short cab, a day cab, 3x sleepers), T-series.
As far as production of buses is concerned, Scania offers 6 bus lines: N-series, K-series, CN-series, CK-series, LK-series, and Citywide LE/LF.